Lippmann had arrived at the bleak view that “the democratic El Dorado” is impossible in modern mass society, whose members- by and large incapable of lucid thought or clear perception, driven by herd instincts and mere prejudice, and frequently disorientated by external stimuli- were not equipped to make decisions or engage in rational discourse. “Democracy” therefore requires a supra-government body of detached professionals to sift the data“. – Intro for Edward Bernays